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rGyalrongic languages are spoken in Sichuan (China) in rNga-ba (Aba) and dKar-mdzes (Ganzi) Tibetan Autonomous Prefectures. They belong to the Sino-Tibetan family but their exact affiliation has for a long time been debated. They were classified as Tibetan dialects, because of the significant proportion of vocabulary which is similar to Tibetan. However, it seems that they are genetically closer to other languages of the area such as Qiang, Queyu or Tangut, the language of the Xixia Kingdom that is now extinct. (1034-1227). The rGyalrong consider themselves Tibetan and are so classified by the Chinese government. They are peasants in an area where pastoralists speak a variety of Amdo Tibetan. At least seven rGyalrongic languages can be distinguished: eastern rGyalrong (the most spoken and best known), Japhug (chabao), Tshobdun (caodeng), Zbu (ribu), Lavrong, Shangzhai and Daofu (ergong, horpa, rtau). These languages have preserved a lot of archaic features both in their phonology and morphology. From the phonological point of view, they still have consonant clusters that go back to Proto-Sino-Tibetan, and which have been lost in most of the other languages of the family. They have conserved productive morphological prefixes that survive only as relics in other Sino-Tibetan languages. From a typological point of view, they possess the most complex flexional systems of the family. The very irregular morphology is common to all rGyalrongic languages, which tends to show that it goes back to their common ancestor. Japhug, the language recorded here is spoken by about 3000 people in the North of 'Barkhams county. Most Japhug speakers also master Chinese, the only exception being the elderly and young children in rural areas who do not attend school. Japhug speakers often know other languages of the region such as eastern rGyalrong, Tshobdun and Amdo Tibetan